The People's Republic of China (PRC) is not currently engaged in an armed conflict. The effort to politically reunite Taiwan with the mainland is a chief foreign policy goal of the PRC. Although relations between the two governments has warmed recently, Beijing has made clear its willingness to use military force should Taiwan attempt to seek independence.
In early July 2009, scores of people were killed and hundreds more injured when violence erupted in the western Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, but the violence did not amount to an armed conflict. The latest unrest in the region follows a long history of discord between China's authorities and the Uighur minority.