The security situation has improved significantly since the major operations undertaken against gangs in early 2007, but crime and urban violence remain pervasive. Since December 2007, several areas of Port-au-Prince have experienced an increase in criminality and in the number of kidnappings. There are also recurrent indications that gangs may be trying to reorganize themselves.
Anti-Government demonstrations have increased, with a particular focus on the rising cost of living. Some of those protests appear to have been organised by political groups and, while they have been limited in scale, they have occurred in a number of areas of the country. There is a risk that those who perceive their interests to be threatened by ongoing reform processes may deliberately seek to foster additional disturbances, including through orchestrated acts of violence. In regions outside the capital, the security situation remains generally calm, but occurrences of unrest and "popular justice" have been reported. Misunderstandings between local communities in the border region have shown a tendency to escalate in the absence of state authority.