Maldives - International | International treaties adherence
 
 
 
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International | International treaties adherence
 

The Maldives has ratified many of the major international human rights law and humanitarian law treaties, including the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court.

The Maldives has made a reservation to the ICCPR's article 18 and reservations to the CEDAW to which a high number of other states parties have objected.

Last updated: 18 July 2012

   
 
 Treaty List
 
International Humanitarian Law Adherence dateCommentary (including relevant reservations, derogations and declarations)
Geneva Conventions I, II, III, IV 1949

18.06.91

 
Additional Protocol I 1977

 18.06.91

 
Additional Protocol II 1977

 18.06.91

 
Additional Protocol III 2005      -- 
Hague Convention 1954     -- 
Hague Protocol 1954     -- 
Hague Protocol 1999     -- 
ENMOD Convention 1976     -- 
International Human rights Law Adherence dateCommentary (including relevant reservations, derogations and declarations)
ICERD 1965 24.04.84 
ICCPR 1966  19.09.06

Reservation:

       "The application of the principles set out in Article 18 of the Covenant shall be without prejudice to the Constitution of the Republic of Maldives."

ICCPR - OP1 1966 19.09.06 
ICCPR - OP2 1989     -- 
ICESCR 1966 19.09.06 
CEDAW 1979 01.07.93

Reservations:

       “1. The Government of the Republic of Maldives expresses its reservation to article 7 (a) of the Convention, to the extent that the provision contained in the said paragraph conflicts with the provision of article 34 of the Constitution of the Republic of Maldives.
       2. The Government of the Republic of Maldives reserves its right to apply article 16 of the Convention concerning the equality of men and women in all matters relating to marriage and family relations without prejudice to the provisions of the Islamic Sharia, which govern all marital and family relations of the 100 percent Muslim population of the Maldives."
OP-CEDAW 1999 13.03.06 
CAT 1984 20.04.04 
OP-CAT 2002 15.02.06 
CRC 1989 11.02.91

Upon signature:

Reservations:

       "1) Since the Islamic Shariah is one of the fundamental sources of Maldivian Law and since Islamic Shariah does not include the system of adoption among the ways and means for the protection and care of children contained in Shariah, the Government of the Republic of Maldives expresses its reservation with respect to all the clauses and provisions relating to adoption in the said Convention on the Rights of the Child.
       "2) The Government of the Republic of Maldives expresses its reservation to paragraph 1 of article 14 of the said Convention on the Rights of the Child, since the Constitution and the Laws of the Republic of Maldives stipulate that all Maldivians should be Muslims."

Upon ratification:

       Reservations to articles 14 and 21.
CRC Optional Protocol Armed Conflict 2000 29.12.04

Declaration:

       "1.  The Minimum age at which the Maldives permits recruitment to its National Security Service and its Police Service is 18 years.
       2.  Any individual who wishes to enter the National Security Service and the Police Service has to apply for it in writing.
       3.  All applicants are required to present proof of birth date.
       4.  All applicants short listed for recruitment are carefully screened for medical fitness."
CRC Optional Protocol Sale of Children 2000 10.05.02 
ICRMW 1990     -- 
Disability Rights Convention 2006      -- Signature only on 02.10.07.

Convention on Enforced Disappearances 2006

     -- Signature only on 06.02.07.
Weapons Adherence dateCommentary (including relevant reservations, derogations and declarations)
Geneva Gas Protocol 1925 27.12.66 
Biological Weapons Convention 1972 02.08.93 
Chemical Weapons Convention 1993 31.05.94 
Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons 1980 07.09.00 
CCW Protocol I 1980 07.09.00 
CCW Protocol II 1980     -- 
CCW Protocol III 198007.09.00
 
CCW Protocol IV 1995 07.09.00 
CCW Protocol II (amended) 1996 07.09.00 
CCW Amendment 2001     -- 
CCW Protocol V 2003     -- 
Ottawa Treaty 199707.09.00
 

Convention on Cluster Munitions 2008

     -- 
Refugees Adherence dateCommentary (including relevant reservations, derogations and declarations)
Refugee Convention 1951     -- 
Refugee Protocol 1967      -- 
International criminal law Adherence dateCommentary (including relevant reservations, derogations and declarations)
Slavery Convention 1926     -- 
Genocide Convention 1948 24.04.84 
Convention on the Non-Applicability of Statutory Limitations to War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity 1968     -- 
ICC Rome Statute 1998     21.09.11
 
Terrorism Adherence dateCommentary (including relevant reservations, derogations and declarations)
Convention Against the Taking of Hostages 1979     -- 
Convention for the Suppression of the Financing of Terrorism 1999 20.04.04 
Convention for the Suppression of Terrorist Bombings 1997 07.09.00 
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