Having determined that the situation in Burundi continued to constitute a threat to international peace and security in the region and acting under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, the Security Council, by its Resolution 1545 of 21 May 2004 (see pdf file below), decided to establish the United Nations Operation in Burundi (ONUB) in order to support and help to implement the efforts undertaken by Burundians to restore lasting peace and bring about national reconciliation, as provided under the Arusha Agreement.
ONUB successfully completed its mandate on 31 December 2006. It was succeeded by the United Nations Integrated Office in Burundi (BINUB), established by Security Council Resolution 1719 of 25 October 2006.
As of June 2010, Burundi was supplying a total of 75 personnel to three UN peacekeeping operations (69 police officers, 4 military observer, and 2 troops). The following missions were supported:
- UN Mission in the Central African Republic and Chad (MINURCAT),
- UN Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH)
- African Union/UN Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID), and
- UN Operation in Côte d'Ivoire (UNOCI).
The African Union deployed a one-year operation in Burundi in 2003. Its mission was then transitioned into the ONUB. When the mission gradually wound down, the South African contingency remained on the ground in the form of an African Union Special Task Force (AU STF) from December 2006.
- African Mission in Burundi (AMIB)
- African Union Special Task Force (AU STF)
For further details of South Africa's peacekeeping role see: South Africa's Peacekeeping Role in Burundi: Challenges and Opportunities for Future Peace Missions, African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes Paper, 2007 (see pdf file below).
Updated: July 2010