The four Geneva Conventions, adopted in 1949, remain the fundamental basis of contemporary international humanitarian law. In this ground-breaking commentary, over sixty international law experts investigate the application of the Geneva Conventions and explain how they should be interpreted today. Particular attention is paid to the changing nature of armed conflicts and questions related to the threshold for armed conflict, the beginning and end of occupations, the geographical scope of conflicts and the complex interactions between the Geneva Conventions and branches of international law such as international criminal law, refugee law and human rights law.
This publication is the result of a collaboration between the Faculty from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies and the Law Faculty of the University of Geneva, co-ordinated and facilitated by the Geneva Academy.
Besides, the three editors, several Geneva Academy’s researchers, alumni, lecturers and professors contributed to this volume, including Annyssa Bellal, Vincent Chetail, Jérôme de Hemptinne, Giovanni Distefano, Iris van der Heijden, Robert Kolb and Nishat Nishat.
The American Society of International Law has awarded their 2017 Certificate of Merit for ‘High Technical Craftsmanship and Utility to Practicing Lawyers and Scholars’ to the book.
In the framework of the Geneva Human Rights Platform and its focus on human rights and freedoms in the digital age, the Geneva Academy hosted an informal consultation with the new United Nations (UN) Special Rapporteur on the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and of association Clément Voule and civil society.
Our Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts (RULAC) online portal provides a detailed analysis and legal classification of the multiple non-international armed conflicts that are taking place in Myanmar between the Myanmar Armed Forces and several Ethnic Armed Organizations (EAOs), as well as between various EAOs.
This short course discusses the protection offered by international humanitarian law (IHL) in non-international armed conflicts (NIACs) and addresses some problems and controversies specific to IHL of NIACs, including the difficulty to ensure the respect of IHL by armed non-state actors.
This short course focuses on the specific issues that arise in times of armed conflict regarding the respect, protection and fulfilment of human rights. It addresses key issues like the applicability of human rights in times of armed conflict; the possibilities of restricting human rights under systems of limitations and derogations; and the extraterritorial application of human rights law.
This project intends to clarify the conditions of accountability for international crimes by providing a detailed assessment of the customary international law status of, in particular, the actus reus and mens rea elements of modes of liability: planning, instigating, conspiracy, direct and indirect perpetration, co-perpetration, the three forms of joint criminal enterprise, the doctrine of common purpose under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, command responsibility and aiding and abetting.
This research aims at building a common understanding and vision as to how states and the relevant parts of the UN system can provide a concrete and practical framework to address human rights responsibilities of armed non-state actors.