Will De Freitas
The War Report article The Eritrea-Ethiopia Armed Conflict provides detailed information about the history of this conflict, the peace process and the final Algiers Agreement, the deployment of peacekeeping operations until 2008, the work and conclusions of the Eritrea-Ethiopia Boundary Commission (EEBC) and the Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Commission (EECC), as well as recent developments.
Written by Tadesse Kebebew, Teaching Assistant at the Geneva Academy and PhD student at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, it will form part of the War Report 2018 which will be published at the beginning of 2019.
This article provides the tools to understand the complex dynamics of this armed conflict that has been lasting for 20 years.
‘Following the 1998-2000 war, Eritrea and Ethiopia remained locked in a stalemate for two decades marked by sporadic skirmishes – including an attack on Eritrean military installations in 2012 and another one on Tserona in June 2016 – and Ethiopia’s military occupation of Badme’ explains Tadesse Kebebew.
The article also analyses recent developments, including the 9 July 2018 Joint Declaration of Peace and Freedom, as well as the lack of investigation or prosecution, from both sides, regarding possible war crimes.
‘Written by a scholar with extensive experience in the region, this article summarizes not only the historical and legal dimensions of the conflict and the different views of the parties but also contentious issue like missing prisoners of war’ adds Dr Annyssa Bellal, editor of the War Report.
The Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts (RULAC) online portal provides a legal analysis of the military occupation of Eritrea by Ethiopia, including an overview of the situation, its classification as a military occupation and applicable law.
The War Report article Georgia-Abkhazia: The Predominance of Irreconcilable Positions presents an overview of the Georgia-Abkhaz conflict, its humanitarian implications, as well as the main actors involved.
The Geneva Academy, represented by three LLM students – Yasmin Afina from Indonesia, Guillem Puri Plana from Spain and Noa Schreuer from Israel/Germany – reached the semi-finals of the prestigious 2018 Jean-Pictet Competition.
This short course focuses on the specific issues that arise in times of armed conflict regarding the respect, protection and fulfilment of human rights. It addresses key issues like the applicability of human rights in times of armed conflict; the possibilities of restricting human rights under systems of limitations and derogations; and the extraterritorial application of human rights law.
This short course analyses the main international and regional norms governing the international protection of refugees. It notably examines the sources of international refugee law, including the 1951 Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, and their interaction with human rights law and international humanitarian law.
As an annual publication, The War Report provides an overview of contemporary trends in current armed conflicts, including key international humanitarian law and policy issues that have arisen and require attention.
This research project looked at the reactions to norms of more than 30 armed groups worldwide.