24 February 2020
As part of the programme’s annual study trip, students of our LLM in International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights travelled to Belgrade, Sarajevo and Budapest where they met experts and institutions who work in the fields of international humanitarian law (IHL), international human rights law and international criminal law.
‘The study trip is a great opportunity for our students to go the field and learn more about the work of civil society and international organizations that implement on a daily basis the legal principles they’ve learned in class’ explains Professor Marco Sassòli, Director of the Geneva Academy.
‘As the study trip takes place at the beginning of the second semester, our students are well equipped with the tools to grasp with practical challenges and ask the right questions. The fact that the trip is organized by the students themselves also allows them to arrive well prepared and aware of the IHL and human rights issues at stake in the region’ he adds.
Students met with various actors in Belgrade and Sarajevo – the Humanitarian Law Centre in Serbia, the Mission to Serbia of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the delegation of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) in Bosnia.
They learned about the work and daily challenges of these various institutions and discussed issues like the dynamics of war crimes trials before the domestic courts in Serbia, war crimes trial monitoring, missing persons, or documenting human rights violations during the wars in the former Yugoslavia.
‘Meeting with the OSCE Mission to Serbia staff was the very first stop of our trip and one of the most interesting experiences. The Head of Mission, Ambassador Andrea Orizio, provided us with an illustrative overview of the OSCE work and its growing focus on gender and youth perspective’ explains Chiara Giaccari.
While in Bosnia, students visited the village of Srebrenica and the Srebrenica Memorial and met with survivors. This visit formed part of a larger tour, the 'Fall of Yugoslavia' tour, through which students visited many places related to the siege of Sarajevo, including the bombed children's hospital, the 'Tunnel of Hope' and the bobsled track in the Trebevic mountain that was used during the 1984 Winter Olympics and which was destroyed during the war.
‘The visit of Srebrenica transformed a piece of foreign history into reality. Walking on those grounds, you are seized by a coldness that you can't shake off, as though every tree and every particle of the land remembers. To have local people discuss the war and the contemporary situation of Bosnia was both a privilege and a sobering experience’ says Juliette Blouin.
‘It was very interesting that a few months before visiting Srebrenica we were studying cases about these atrocities in our international criminal law class. It was astonishing to see in first person the place where they occurred. What shocked me most was the proximity between the village and the mass graves all around the area, as well as the fact that survivors have chosen to still live in a place where many of their friends and relatives were massacred. The only reaction I experienced when visiting Srebrenica was silence’ Fabrizio Locuratolo.
After five intense days in Serbia and Bosnia, students had the opportunity to visit Budapest and take a well-deserved rest.
‘In beautiful Budapest, we strolled around and caught our breath after an intense and exciting week. There were many options for activities but I chose to see the sites, eat some delicious food, do some shopping and experience the nightlife’ says Angelica Widstrom.
Our RULAC website provides a detailed analysis and legal classification of this conflict, including information about parties, its classification and applicable international law.
Olivier Chamard/Geneva Academy
Knowledge transfer is at the heart of our activities. During 2019, our professors, researchers and staff have ensured such transfer in international humanitarian law, human rights and transitional justice via research, our three masters, training courses, events and the Geneva Human Rights Platform.
This short course, which can be followed in Geneva or online, provides an in-depth study of an emblematic example of the complexity of international humanitarian law and the challenges it raises: the classification of armed conflicts.
UN Photo / Jean-Marc Ferré
This training course will explore the origin and evolution of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) and its functioning in Geneva and will focus on the nature of implementation of the UPR recommendations at the national level.
UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe
This research aims at building a common understanding and vision as to how states and the relevant parts of the UN system can provide a concrete and practical framework to address human rights responsibilities of armed non-state actors.