Protection of Education in Armed Conflict

Completed in December 2014

Commissioned by the Qatar-based Education Above All Foundation (EAA), and researched and authored by the Geneva Academy, this project analyzed how United Nations (UN) human rights treaty bodies and relevant UN Charter-based mechanisms and entities have addressed the implementation of the right to education and other relevant rights in armed conflict and armed violence.

The research notably looked at the UN Human Rights Council (including the Universal Periodic Review); UN treaty bodies such as the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, Committee on the Rights of the Child, Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, and Human Rights Committee; UN Special Procedure (both thematic and country mandates); the UN Security Council Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism established under Resolution 1612; and the country-specific UN fact-finding missions and commissions of inquiry.

Research Team

This research project was carried out by Stuart Casey-Maslen, Gilles Giacca and Takhmina Karimova.

OUTPUT

Recommendations to Better Protect the Right to Education During Armed Conflict

The final report, United Nations Human Rights Mechanisms and the Right to Education in Insecurity and Armed Conflict (2013), offers recommendations on how such protection might be strengthened. These include a call for greater attention to the impact of disability on access to education in insecurity and armed conflict; also, protection should consistently concern all levels of education to ensure the rights of adults as well as those of children to high-quality education are respected, protected and fulfilled.

The report considers how UN human rights mechanisms have conceptualized the right to education. It concludes that positive international legal obligations to respect, protect and provide education continue to apply during insecurity and armed conflict and that targeted attacks against educational staff, students and facilities, whether by armed forces or armed non-state actors, violate the right to education.

The Policy Summary of the report outlines key policy issues and recommendations relating to the protection of the right to education in armed conflict.

Publications

Cover of Protection of Education in Armed Conflict

United Nations Human Rights Mechanisms and the Right to Education in Insecurity and Armed Conflict

October 2013

PEIC

Download >

Cover of Policy Summary: United Nations Human Rights Mechanisms and the Right to Education in Insecurity and Armed Conflict

Policy Summary: United Nations Human Rights Mechanisms and the Right to Education in Insecurity and Armed Conflict

October 2013

PEIC

Download >

MORE ON THIS THEMATIC AREA

Yemen,  Taiz, Salah district. A destroyed building. News

Mastering International Law in Armed Conflict: Explore our Online Short Courses

8 September 2023

For the 2023–2024 academic year, we offer 16 online short courses covering legal issues and topics relevant to armed conflicts.

Read more

Panelists at the expert meeting News

Rising Civilian Involvement in Cyber Warfare: Legal Implications and Solutions Explored during Expert Meeting

20 October 2023

Our recent expert meeting, conducted in collaboration with the ICRC, addressed the growing involvement of civilians in cyber and digital operations during armed conflicts.

Read more

Cover page of the book Event

Book Launch: ‘Equality and Non-Discrimination in Armed Conflict, Humanitarian and Human Rights Law in Practice’

21 February 2024, 18:30-20:00

The author and leading experts in IHL and human rights will discuss humanitarian and legal issues pertaining to equality and non-discrimination in armed conflict, based on the findings presented in the book.

Read more

Mali, Ménaka Region, Tassassat village. In this village, the ICRC has installed a watering place to support the villagers who are affected by the combined effects of conflict and climate change. Event

The Weaponizing of Water in Contemporary Armed Conflicts

27 February 2024, 12:15-14:00

This IHL Talk, organized with the Geneva Water Hub, will discuss the weaponization of water in contemporary armed conflicts and the importance of IHL and human rights law in preventing and mitigating the consequences on civilians.

Read more

Screenshot of the RULAC webpage Project

Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts (RULAC)

Started in May 2007

The Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts project (RULAC) is a unique online portal that identifies and classifies all situations of armed violence that amount to an armed conflict under international humanitarian law (IHL). It is primarily a legal reference source for a broad audience, including non-specialists, interested in issues surrounding the classification of armed conflicts under IHL.

Read more

Madagascar, Miarinarivo district. Women transplanting rice. Project

The Rights of Peasants

Started in May 2008

After having provided academic support to the negotiation of the UN Declaration for ten years, this research project focuses on the implementation of the UN Declaration on the rights of peasants and other people working in rural areas.

Read more

Cover Page of Research Brief Publication

Environmental Human Rights as a Tool in Early Warning and Conflict Prevention The Role of the Human Rights Council

published on January 2024

Erica Harper, Baïna Ubushieva

Read more

Cover page of the publication Publication

Delivering the Right to Peace: Towards a Reinforced Role of the Human Rights Council in the UN's Peace and Security Framework

published on October 2023

Erica Harper, Adam Day

Read more