Gabriella Citroni

Gabriella Citroni

Professor of International Human Rights Law at the University of Milano-Bicocca

Areas of expertise

International Human Rights Law  /  Enforced Disappearances  /  UN Human Rights Mechanisms  /  Transitional Justice  /  Extrajudicial, Summary or Arbitrary Executions  /  Crimes against Humanity  /  Inter-American Human Rights System  /  Right to Truth  /  Prohibition of Torture and Inhumane Treatment  /  Measures of Reparation for Gross Human Rights Violations

Gabriella Citroni is Professor of International Human Rights Law at the University of Milano-Bicocca, Italy. She is alsoa Member of the United Nations Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances, an International Legal Advisor for the Latin American Federation of Associations for Relatives of the Detained-Disappeared (FEDEFAM) and Senior Legal Advisor for TRIAL International.

Her research focuses on subjects related to international human rights law and she cooperates with a number of NGOs, providing legal assistance to victims of serious human rights violations and their relatives in different countries including Algeria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Nepal, Morocco, Colombia, Peru, Iraq, Honduras and Mexico. She has written a number of articles and books on international human rights law.

In 2016, she was appointed consultant at the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights to review the Tunisian draft law on the crime of enforced disappearance. In 2015, she was an external consultant for the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights for the drafting of an issue paper on missing persons and victims of enforced disappearance in Europe. Further, she was appointed expert witness before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in two cases of enforced disappearance (Comunidad Campesina de Santa Bárbara v Perú, Vereda La Esperanza v Colombia, and Alvarado Espinoza and al. v. Mexico). In 2010, she was an external consultant for the UN Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances for the drafting of a study on best practices on enforced disappearances in domestic criminal legislation.

From 2003 to 2005 she was a member, as Legal Advisor, of the Italian delegation to the UN during the negotiations of the International Convention on the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance.

Taught Courses

Sri Lanka, Mannar. A father looks at the last photo taken of his missing son. LLM - Course

Enforced Disappearances in International Law

This course examines the existing international legal framework and jurisprudence on the phenomenon of enforced disappearance. While the main focus is international human rights law, references are made, where pertinent, to international humanitarian law and international criminal law.

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Publications

The Indigenous Peoples’ Right to Lands and Natural Resources in the Inter-American Human Rights System: Preserving Cultural Identity while Ensuring Development

2020

Gabriella Citroni, Antonietta Di Blase, Valentina Vadi

The Inherent Rights of Indigenous Peoples in International Law, Roma Tre Press

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Webpage of the article

Committee on Enforced Disappearances (CED)

2019

Gabriella Citroni

in Ruiz Fabri (ed), The Max Plank Encyclopaedia of International Procedural Law, Oxford University Press

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Cover page of the International Review of the Red Cross

The first attempts in Mexico and Central America to address the phenomenon of missing and disappeared migrants

November 2018

Gabriella Citroni

International Review of the Red Cross

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Cover of the Journal of International Criminal Justice

The Specialist Chambers of Kosovo – The Applicable Law and the Special Challenges Related to the Crime of Enforced Disappearance

February 2016

Gabriella Citroni

Journal of International Criminal Justice, Volume 14, Issue 1

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Masters

We are a leading education institution in international humanitarian law, human rights and transitional justice.

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Research

Our research examines issues that are under-explored, need clarification, or are unconventional, experimental or challenging.

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Executive Education

We provide training and short courses for professionals who want to deepen their expertise in a specific issue.

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Events

Our events provide a critical and scholarly forum for experts and practitioners to debate topical humanitarian, human rights and transitional justice issues.

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UNMISS Peacekeepers News

New Working Paper Examines the Role of Peacekeeping Operations in Ensuring Respect for IHL

5 October 2021

The UN Security Council and Common Article 1: Understanding the Role of Peacekeeping Operations in Ensuring Respect for IHL examines the applicability of article 1 common to the Geneva Conventions of 1949 – on the obligation to respect and ensure respect for IHL – to the UN, with a specific focus on peacekeeping operations.

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New Working Paper Discusses the Relevance of Smart Mix Measure in AI Governance and Regulation

1 October 2021

Our new Working Paper discusses how current initiatives on the regulation of artificial intelligence technologies should incorporate the protection and respect for human rights.

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 Taliban fighters on a truck in Kabul, August 17 2021 IHL Talks

Afghanistan

28 October 2021, 15:00-16:00

This online IHL talk aims at shining light on some of the many legal, political and protection-related challenges stemming from the situation in Afghanistan.

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