Gloria Gaggioli

Gloria Gaggioli

Director of the Geneva Academy and Associate/SNF Professor at the Law Faculty, University of Geneva

Areas of expertise

International Humanitarian Law  /  Qualification of Armed Conflict  /  International Human Rights Law  /  Counter-terrorism  /  States of Emergency  /  Extraterritoriality  /  Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict  /  Conduct of Hostilities  /  Use of Force  /  European Human Rights Law  /  Public International Law  /  Right to Life  /  Deaths in Custody  /  Drones  /  Inter-American Human Rights System  /  Law Enforcement  /  Means and Methods of Warfare  /  Self-Defence  /  State Succession  /  Torture

Gloria Gaggioli is the Director of the Geneva Academy since August 2020 and an Associate/ Swiss National Science Foundation (SNF) Professor at the Law Faculty of the University of Geneva. She is also member of the board of Geneva Call since August 2019.

Gloria Gaggioli has published widely in various fields of public international law and participates regularly in international conferences, roundtables and expert meetings. She is currently leading a four-year research project funded by the SNF on ‘Preventing and Combating Terrorism and Violent Extremism: Towards a Legal-Empirical Approach’. Her work focuses notably on issues related to the interplay between international humanitarian law and international human rights law, the right to life and the use of force, including the conduct of hostilities, law enforcement and self-defence.

Prior to joining the University of Geneva, she served as Legal Adviser in the legal division of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and is the author of the ICRC report The Use of Force in Armed Conflicts: Interplay between the Conduct of Hostilities and Law Enforcement Paradigms.

Professor Gaggioli also taught at the University of Neuchâtel and worked as Visiting Professor at Lille Catholic University and at the University of Aix-Marseille, as External Lecturer at the University of Copenhagen and as Researcher/Teaching Assistant at the Geneva Academy and University of Geneva. She conducted research as a ‘Distinguished-Scholar-in-Residence‘ at the US Naval War College, Stockton Center for the Studies of International Law.

She wrote her PhD thesis (summa cum laude, Pedone 2013) on ‘The Reciprocal Influence between Human Rights Law and Humanitarian Law in the Light of the Right to Life’.

Taught Courses and Research Projects

Surveillance Camera Project


The ‘Counter-Terror Pro LegEm’ project combines legal analysis with social science research to (1) examine the effectiveness of counterterrorism measures and their effects on human rights and (2) analyse the structure of terrorist networks such as Al Qaeda or the Islamic State and see whether they qualify as ‘organized armed groups’ for the purpose of international humanitarian law.

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Colombia, Medellín, Bellavista prison. The ICRC frequently visits the prisons of the country. Prison overcrowding is one of the main issues. LLM - Course

International Human Rights Law

This course provides a comprehensive overview of the main topics of international human rights law and its relationship with international humanitarian law.

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Afghanistan, Parwan detention facility Executive Master - Course

Preventing and Combating Terrorism

This course discusses the extent to which states may  limit and/or derogate from their international human rights obligations in order to prevent and counter terrorism and thus protect persons under their jurisdiction.

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Interrogation and Torture

February 2020

Gloria Gaggioli, Steven J. Barela, Mark Fallon and Jens David Ohlin

Oxford University Press

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Book cover of La convention de Vienne de 1978 sur la succession d'États en matière de traités

La convention de Vienne de 1978 sur la succession d'États en matière de traités

February 2016

Giovanni Distefano, Gloria Gaggioli, Aymeric Hêche


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Cover of the book Research Handbook on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law, Cheltenham UK

Research Handbook on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law

December 2013

Gloria Gaggioli, Robert Kolb

Edward Elgar Publishing

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Book cover of the book L'influence mutuelle entre les droits de l'homme et le droit international humanitaire à la lumière du droit à la vie

L'influence mutuelle entre les droits de l'homme et le droit international humanitaire à la lumière du droit à la vie

August 2013

Gloria Gaggioli


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We provide training and short courses for professionals who want to deepen their expertise in a specific issue.

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UNMISS Peacekeepers News

New Working Paper Examines the Role of Peacekeeping Operations in Ensuring Respect for IHL

5 October 2021

The UN Security Council and Common Article 1: Understanding the Role of Peacekeeping Operations in Ensuring Respect for IHL examines the applicability of article 1 common to the Geneva Conventions of 1949 – on the obligation to respect and ensure respect for IHL – to the UN, with a specific focus on peacekeeping operations.

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New Working Paper Discusses the Relevance of Smart Mix Measure in AI Governance and Regulation

1 October 2021

Our new Working Paper discusses how current initiatives on the regulation of artificial intelligence technologies should incorporate the protection and respect for human rights.

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 Taliban fighters on a truck in Kabul, August 17 2021 IHL Talks


28 October 2021, 15:00-16:00

This online IHL talk aims at shining light on some of the many legal, political and protection-related challenges stemming from the situation in Afghanistan.

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