October 2019 - June 2020
Study Mode Part-time
Application start 25 March 2019
Application end 23 September 2019
International criminal law has developed dramatically since the early 1990s, and now consists of a complex system involving national courts with international participation, alternative transitional justice mechanisms like truth commissions, and temporary or ad hoc international courts. The International Criminal Court sits at the centre of this. This course reviews the origins of international criminal law, its relationship with the international legal order including the UN Security Council and its coexistence with national justice institutions. The scope of international crimes – genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression – is considered alongside initiatives to expand or add to these categories.
International criminal justice has been facing many challenges over the course of its history. From the creation of necessary norms and institutions to enforce it to political resistance to making itself relevant, it has faced several problems and difficulties, not all of them are behind it. The course will focus on five particular categories of challenges: legal or normative, investigative and evidential, political, the defence, and the legacy.