The War Report article Georgia-Abkhazia: The Predominance of Irreconcilable Positions presents an overview of the Georgia-Abkhaz conflict, including its historical elements, the first conflict that began in August 1992, violence that sparked in 1998 and 2001, the August 2008 war, the six-point agreement of 12 August 2008 and developments in 2018.
The article, written by Grazvydas Jasutis during his time as Visiting Research Fellow at the Geneva Academy, also presents the humanitarian implications of the conflict, as well as the main actors involved: the Georgian armed forces, the Russian armed forces and the Abkhazian armed forces. It will form part, along with other analysis of conflict situations, of the War Report 2018 which will be published at the beginning of 2019.
‘This publication provides a comprehensive overview of this long-lasting conflict that goes on for more than 15 years’ underlines Dr Annyssa Bellal, Senior Research Fellow and Strategic Adviser on International Humanitarian Law at the Geneva Academy.
‘Written by a scholar and conflict management practitioner with extensive experience in the region, it allows grasping with the complex historical, legal and humanitarian dimensions of this conflict’ she adds.
The Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts (RULAC) online portal provides a legal analysis of the military occupation of Georgia (region of Abkhazia) by Russia, including an overview of the situation, its classification as a military occupation and applicable law.
The President of the UN Human Rights Council appointed Professor Andrew Clapham to serve as a member of the UN Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan charged with monitoring and assessing the human rights situation in the country.
We have now added to our Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts (RULAC) online portal a detailed analysis and legal classification of the non-international armed conflicts that take place in the Central African Republic since December 2012.
This short course discusses the protection offered by international humanitarian law (IHL) in non-international armed conflicts (NIACs) and addresses some problems and controversies specific to IHL of NIACs, including the difficulty to ensure the respect of IHL by armed non-state actors.
UN Photo/Manuel Elias
This short course provides an introduction to the regime of sanctions under international law and their effectiveness in addressing contemporary forms of conflict. It addresses the questions related to state responsibility, the pacific settlement of international disputes and the role of the International Court of Justice.
This project looked at how to enhance compliance by armed non-state actors with international norms, taking into account the views both of the actors themselves and the experiences of those engaged in dialogue with them.
Several ad hoc fact-finding and inquiry commissions have been established to assess some of the most serious situations of human rights and humanitarian law violations across the world. With such mechanisms gaining influence, the question arises of whether a minimum formal standard of proof (or degree of certainty) exists or is required when such bodies adjudicate on such serious matters.