19 October 2018
The War Report article Georgia-Abkhazia: The Predominance of Irreconcilable Positions presents an overview of the Georgia-Abkhaz conflict, including its historical elements, the first conflict that began in August 1992, violence that sparked in 1998 and 2001, the August 2008 war, the six-point agreement of 12 August 2008 and developments in 2018.
The article, written by Grazvydas Jasutis during his time as Visiting Research Fellow at the Geneva Academy, also presents the humanitarian implications of the conflict, as well as the main actors involved: the Georgian armed forces, the Russian armed forces and the Abkhazian armed forces. It will form part, along with other analysis of conflict situations, of the War Report 2018 which will be published at the beginning of 2019.
‘This publication provides a comprehensive overview of this long-lasting conflict that goes on for more than 15 years’ underlines Dr Annyssa Bellal, Senior Research Fellow and Strategic Adviser on International Humanitarian Law at the Geneva Academy.
‘Written by a scholar and conflict management practitioner with extensive experience in the region, it allows grasping with the complex historical, legal and humanitarian dimensions of this conflict’ she adds.
The Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts (RULAC) online portal provides a legal analysis of the military occupation of Georgia (region of Abkhazia) by Russia, including an overview of the situation, its classification as a military occupation and applicable law.
Part of our multi-year project that focuses on human rights responsibilities and armed non-state actors (ANSAs), our new publication explores the particular aspects of state responsibility for human rights violations committed by ANSAs in its territory.
Olivier Chamard / Geneva Academy
Our Executive Master in International Law in Armed Conflict (60 ECTS, equivalent to a LLM) is one of the few part-time, innovative and intellectually challenging programmes in international law in armed conflict offered today.
Organized by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the Geneva Academy, this advanced seminar aims to enhance the capacity of lecturers and researchers to teach and research international humanitarian law contemporary issues, addressing both substantive and pedagogical aspects.
Several ad hoc fact-finding and inquiry commissions have been established to assess some of the most serious situations of human rights and humanitarian law violations across the world. With such mechanisms gaining influence, the question arises of whether a minimum formal standard of proof (or degree of certainty) exists or is required when such bodies adjudicate on such serious matters.
This project analyzed how United Nations (UN) human rights treaty bodies and relevant UN Charter-based mechanisms and entities have addressed the implementation of the right to education and other relevant rights in armed conflict and armed violence.