27 November 2018
The War Report article Crimea: Between Annexation and Reunification presents an overview of the situation in Crimea, including the peninsula’s history, the 2014 annexation by Russia, the main actors involved – the Russian Federation Forces, the Ukrainian Forces and the Self-Defence Crimean Forces – and recent developments in 2018.
It will form part, along with other analysis of conflict situations, of the War Report 2018 which will be published at the beginning of 2019.
The article was written by Grazvydas Jasutis during his time as Visiting Research Fellow at the Geneva Academy.
This article provides the tools to understand the dynamics at play in this complex political situation, especially after the seizure of three Ukrainian naval vessels by the Russian Armed Forces off the Crimean Peninsula on 26 November 2018, underlines Dr Annyssa Bellal, Senior Research Fellow and Strategic Adviser on International Humanitarian Law at the Geneva Academy.
‘Written by a scholar and conflict management practitioner with extensive experience in the region, it allows grasping with the historical and legal dimensions of this conflict and the different views of the parties’ she adds.
The Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts (RULAC) online portal provides a legal analysis of the military occupation of Crimea by Russia, including an overview of the situation, its classification as a military occupation and applicable law.
Our new War Report article Democratic Republic of the Congo: Conflict in the Eastern Regions provides background information on the current violence in the county, recent developments and the main parties to the conflict in North and South Kivu, Ituri and Northern Katanga.
As in previous years, the 2018 Edition highlights that the majority of today’s armed conflicts – 51 out of 69 – are non-international, involving states and organized armed groups, a trend that has been highlighted since the first edition of the War Report back in 2012.
On the occasion of the launch of Modes of Liability in International Criminal Law, based on research undertaken at the Geneva Academy, panelists will discuss questions related to criminal responsibility for international crimes.
This short course discusses the protection offered by international humanitarian law (IHL) in non-international armed conflicts (NIACs) and addresses some problems and controversies specific to IHL of NIACs, including the difficulty to ensure the respect of IHL by armed non-state actors.
This short course focuses on the specific issues that arise in times of armed conflict regarding the respect, protection and fulfilment of human rights. It addresses key issues like the applicability of human rights in times of armed conflict; the possibilities of restricting human rights under systems of limitations and derogations; and the extraterritorial application of human rights law.
The U.S. Army
The International Code of Conduct for Private Security Providers is the result of an active collaboration between members of the private security industry, the Geneva Academy, Swiss Department of Foreign Affairs and Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF).
This project intends to clarify the conditions of accountability for international crimes by providing a detailed assessment of the customary international law status of, in particular, the actus reus and mens rea elements of modes of liability: planning, instigating, conspiracy, direct and indirect perpetration, co-perpetration, the three forms of joint criminal enterprise, the doctrine of common purpose under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, command responsibility and aiding and abetting.