The War Report article Central African Republic: Sectarian and Inter-Communal Violence Continues provides detailed information about the history of the ongoing conflict in the Central African Republic (CAR), parties to the conflict, key developments in 2018 and war crimes allegations since July 2002.
Written by Giulia Marcucci, currently enrolled in our LLM in International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights, it will form part, along with other analysis of conflict situations, of the War Report 2018 which will be published in the first quarter of 2019.
This article provides the tools to understand the complex dynamics of this armed conflict that has been lasting since 2002.
‘The article summarizes not only the history of the conflict but provides a detailed analysis of the 13 most important and active armed groups involved in the conflict’ explains Dr Annyssa Bellal, Strategic Adviser on International Humanitarian Law at the Geneva Academy and Editor of the War Report.
‘It also reviews the involvement of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in CAR (MINUSCA) as a party to the conflict, although this assessment remains controversial’ underlines Dr Bellal.
MINUSCA has been increasingly involved in the conflict in joint operations with the Central African Armed Forces in order to dismantle militia bases in Bangui and oust armed groups around Paoua. This involvement led, in April 2018, to some direct confrontations between this mission and armed groups in the PK5 neighbourhood.
The Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts (RULAC) online portal provides a legal analysis of the non-international armed conflicts that are taking place in CAR, including an overview of the situation, their classification, parties to these conflicts and applicable international law.
In Mexico, there has been armed violence between the government and a number of cartels, as well as between such cartels over the past decades. Our Rule of Law in Armed Conflict online portal concludes that Mexico and the Cartel Jalisco Nueva Generación are parties to a non-international armed conflict.
Our new publication Gang Violence in Colombia, Mexico and El Salvador analyses three case studies of countries – Colombia, Mexico and El Salvador – that have stood out for their elevated rate of violence, violent homicides and criminal activities linked to confrontations between state forces and armed gangs or between armed gangs themselves.
Óglaigh na hÉireann
This IHL Talk will discuss the legal framework and the main critical questions related to search and rescue in the Mediterranean Sea, using concrete cases and examples to illustrate current issues and challenges.
This short course introduces participants to the Islamic law of armed conflict and how it relates to the current conflicts in Muslim contexts. It examines the rules regulating the use of force during both international and non-international armed conflicts under classical Islamic law.
Launched in 2016, this project aimed to identify whether, to what extent and under what circumstances armed non-state actors incur obligations under international humanitarian law (IHL) and international human rights (HR) law.
This project looked at how to enhance compliance by armed non-state actors with international norms, taking into account the views both of the actors themselves and the experiences of those engaged in dialogue with them.