25 January 2019
The War Report article Central African Republic: Sectarian and Inter-Communal Violence Continues provides detailed information about the history of the ongoing conflict in the Central African Republic (CAR), parties to the conflict, key developments in 2018 and war crimes allegations since July 2002.
Written by Giulia Marcucci, currently enrolled in our LLM in International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights, it will form part, along with other analysis of conflict situations, of the War Report 2018 which will be published in the first quarter of 2019.
This article provides the tools to understand the complex dynamics of this armed conflict that has been lasting since 2002.
‘The article summarizes not only the history of the conflict but provides a detailed analysis of the 13 most important and active armed groups involved in the conflict’ explains Dr Annyssa Bellal, Strategic Adviser on International Humanitarian Law at the Geneva Academy and Editor of the War Report.
‘It also reviews the involvement of the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in CAR (MINUSCA) as a party to the conflict, although this assessment remains controversial’ underlines Dr Bellal.
MINUSCA has been increasingly involved in the conflict in joint operations with the Central African Armed Forces in order to dismantle militia bases in Bangui and oust armed groups around Paoua. This involvement led, in April 2018, to some direct confrontations between this mission and armed groups in the PK5 neighbourhood.
The Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts (RULAC) online portal provides a legal analysis of the non-international armed conflicts that are taking place in CAR, including an overview of the situation, their classification, parties to these conflicts and applicable international law.
The Geneva Academy and the University of Essex’s School of Law and Human Rights Centre hosted the Current Issues in Armed Conflict Conference representing a further example of the burgeoning relationship between the two institutions.
In 2017, 55 situations of armed violence amounted to armed conflicts according to the definitions under international humanitarian law and international criminal law. The vast majority were non-international armed conflicts, as in preceding years. The analysis highlights two salient features: the multiplication of armed non-state actors and unprecedented casualties linked to armed gang violence.
This IHL Talk will address the humanitarian, policy and legal challenges related to the fate of foreign fighters and their relatives (allegedly) affiliated with ISIS and who are currently detained by the SDF in northeast Syria
Organized by the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) and the Geneva Academy, this advanced seminar aims to enhance the capacity of lecturers and researchers to teach and research international humanitarian law contemporary issues, addressing both substantive and pedagogical aspects.
The Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts project (RULAC) is a unique online portal that identifies and classifies all situations of armed violence that amount to an armed conflict under international humanitarian law (IHL). It is primarily a legal reference source for a broad audience, including non-specialists, interested in issues surrounding the classification of armed conflicts under IHL.
Launched in 2016, this project aimed to identify whether, to what extent and under what circumstances armed non-state actors incur obligations under international humanitarian law (IHL) and international human rights (HR) law.