19 November 2019
Our new War Report article Iraq: Any Hope for Change? provides an overview of the non-international armed conflict (NIAC) in the country.
Written by Josiane Matar, it provides information about the classification of the conflict, its history, parties, developments in 2019 – including the recent protests and fate of foreign fighters and their families – and issues related to war crimes allegations, investigations and prosecutions.
‘This article is a very useful tool for anyone interested in understanding the current situation in Iraq and whether one can still classify the situation as a NIAC’ explains Dr Annyssa Bellal, Senior Research Fellow and Strategic Adviser on International Humanitarian Law at the Geneva Academy.
Despite the fact that the Iraqi state has claimed victory against ISIS, the armed conflict has not yet ended. Recent events have shown that there is still a high risk of ISIS resurgence and military operations are still taking place against ISIS sleeper cells and rural holdouts.
While the Iraqi Government have resorted to foreign assistance from the United States and its allies, and the PMU received backing and funding from Iran, the conflict remains a NIAC as the Iraqi Government invited and consented to these interventions.
This article complements the legal analysis of the conflict provided in the Rule of Law in Armed Conflict (RULAC) online portal, which includes an overview of the situation, its classification, parties and applicable international law.
Sgt Russell Gilchrest, US Army, Wikimedia Commons
Several armed conflicts classified in our RULAC online portal see the participation of mercenaries or private military security companies alongside states’ armed forces. Dr Chiara Redaelli, in charge of RULAC and an expert in IHL, answers our questions regarding what IHL says about this phenomenon.
isafmedia, via Wikimedia Commons
Following the withdrawal of US troops and the fact that the Taliban gained effective control over most of the country, including Kabul, we revised the classification of the armed conflicts that are taking place in the country.
In this online event co-organized with the ATLAS Network, prominent women in international law will share their experience and advice through an interactive discussion.
This short course, which can be followed in Geneva or online, discusses the protection offered by international humanitarian law (IHL) in non-international armed conflicts (NIACs) and addresses some problems and controversies specific to IHL of NIACs, including the difficulty to ensure the respect of IHL by armed non-state actors.
This project aims at compiling and analysing the practice and interpretation of selected international humanitarian law and human rights norms by armed non-state actors (ANSAs). It has a pragmatic double objective: first, to offer a comparative analysis of IHL and human rights norms from the perspective of ANSAs, and second, to inform strategies of humanitarian engagement with ANSAs, in particular the content of a possible ‘Model Code of Conduct’.
The Rule of Law in Armed Conflicts project (RULAC) is a unique online portal that identifies and classifies all situations of armed violence that amount to an armed conflict under international humanitarian law (IHL). It is primarily a legal reference source for a broad audience, including non-specialists, interested in issues surrounding the classification of armed conflicts under IHL.