Attended by municipal authorities and communities from around the globe interested in learning more about the privacy challenges related to the digitalization of cities, the debate – moderated by Dr Jonathan Andrew, Associate Research Fellow at the Geneva Academy – brought together a diverse panel with in-depth experience in smart cities projects from North and South America and Europe.
Panelists shared insights from their collaboration with government, citizens, municipal authorities, and businesses to deliver public infrastructure and services leveraging digital innovations that improve the quality of life for populations in urban areas.
Reviewing the impact of projects in several US cities – including Boston, Seattle and Chicago – Ben Green from the University of Michigan highlighted the need to engage citizens from the beginning, before defining the mandate and scope of the projects. Such consultations are key to get citizens’ views about the necessity of developing new technologies and their relevance to addressing the underlying social welfare problems they are supposed to tackle.
Lorena Santana Reuss, representing Do! Smart Cities from Santiago, Chile, also underscored the importance of engagement with communities, particularly in relation to those groups that may be marginalized or excluded from debates. Their participation is key to ensure that their concerns – notably in relation to privacy and data protection – are taken into account.
Katharina Candel-Haug, Strategy Manager at Stadtwerke München, also noted how the new data protection regulatory framework in Europe (mainly the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)) has a major impact on the planning and delivery of projects by municipalities, citing her experience in developing mobility solutions for the city districts in Munich.
The audience had the opportunity to put forward their questions to the panel and ask for their insights and predictions regarding the evolution of smart cities. Ben Green, drawing on his work with American cities and the implementation of Internet of Things (IoT) initiatives highlighted his concerns that ‘tech solutionism’ could give rise to ill-considered projects that missed the opportunities to deliver meaningful improvements in public services while protecting the fundamental rights of those they intend to benefit. Responding to a question by the audience on the viability of universal international guidelines, Katharina Candel-Haug underscored how in Germany a collection of national, regional and local standards provided a key framework for safeguarding citizens’ human rights and ensuring projects met the necessary specification for compliance.
‘This panel succeeded in kickstarting the debate and generating further interest in how smart cities projects should integrate a human rights-based approach to their development and implementation’ says Kamelia Kemileva, Executive Manager of the Geneva Cities Hub.
‘We hope that this panel is the first step in cities’ engagement on this issue and that this initiative will foster stronger links between municipalities that can facilitate the emergence of a broad network of cities to share their knowledge and best practices’ underlines Felix Kirchmeier, Executive Director of Geneva Human Rights Platform.
Our new Working Paper Non-State Actors and Enforced Disappearances: Defining a Path Forward discusses the growing phenomenon of disappearances committed by non-state actors and the need to rethink the current definition of enforced disappearance to address this reality, improve the situation of victims and ensure proper accountability of non-state actors.
Three new Working Papers – researched by the Geneva Academy in the context of our joint project with the ICRC on the digitalization of armed conflict – address some of the main issues of contention concerning the application of international law to military cyber operations.
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The two-day Scientific Colloquium of the 2021 Human Rights Week will explore the different facets of discrimination and inequalities and will discuss their human rights impact in our contemporary world.
UN Photo/Manuel Elias
This IHL Talk, co-organized with the International Peace Institute (IPI), aims at contrasting approaches to, and decision-making on, humanitarian affairs in the relevant multilateral fora in New York and Geneva.
Francisco Proner / Farpa/ CIDH
This short course, which can be followed in Geneva or online, aims at presenting the institutions and procedures in charge of the implementation of international human rights law.
This short course, which can be followed in Geneva or online, analyses the main international and regional norms governing the international protection of refugees. It notably examines the sources of international refugee law, including the 1951 Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, and their interaction with human rights law and international humanitarian law.
Cámara de Diputadas y Diputados de Chile
This project aims to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the strengths and weaknesses affecting different National Human Rights Systems.
This research aims at building a common understanding and vision as to how states and the relevant parts of the UN system can provide a concrete and practical framework to address human rights responsibilities of armed non-state actors.