26 September 2022
According to our Rule of Law in Armed Conflict (RULAC) online portal, the border fighting between Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan that took place in mid-September 2022 amounts to an international armed conflict (IAC).
RULAC provides detailed information about the situation – including recent developments – the classification’s rationale and applicable international law.
‘While fighting has been limited to a few isolated episodes during the past years, it has reached unprecedented levels of violence in September. These instances of the use of force amount to IACs and international humanitarian law (IHL) is therefore applicable’ explains Dr Chiara Redaelli, Research Fellow in charge of RULAC at the Geneva Academy.
The RULAC online portal provides a comprehensive classification of all situations of armed violence that amount to an armed conflict under IHL.
For each conflict, this unique online resource details the factual and methodological basis for its classification and identifies the parties and the applicable international law. The portal also includes sections on the definition and categories of armed conflict under IHL and the legal framework governing armed conflicts.
RULAC currently monitors more than 110 armed conflicts involving at least 55 states and more than 70 armed non-State actors.
Our two Research Fellows Dr Jonathan Andrew and Dr Nataliia Hendel participated in a major summit in Lviv, Ukraine, to commemorate the 75th anniversaries of the Genocide Convention and of the Universal Declaration of Human Right.
Ecuadorian President Daniel Noboa started the new year by declaring that there is an ‘internal armed conflict’ against a series of criminal groups operating in the country. Our Research Fellow Dr Eugénie Duss, in charge of RULAC, answers our questions about whether the situation in Ecuador amounts to a non-international armed conflict.
This IHL Talk, organized with the Geneva Water Hub, will discuss the weaponization of water in contemporary armed conflicts and the importance of IHL and human rights law in preventing and mitigating the consequences on civilians.
This project will develop guidance to inform security, human rights and environmental debates on the linkages between environmental rights and conflict, and how their better management can serve as a tool in conflict prevention, resilience and early warning.
This project will explore humanitarian consequences and protection needs caused by the digitalization of armed conflicts and the extent to which these needs are addressed by international law, especially international humanitarian law.