Francesco Romani

Francesco Romani

Research Fellow

Areas of expertise

International Humanitarian Law  /  International Human Rights Law  /  International Cultural Heritage Law  /  International Responsibility and Litigation  /  Theory of Sovereignty

Dr Francesco Romani is a Research Fellow at the Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights, where he coordinates the IHL Expert Pool and contributes to several projects on evolving themes in international humanitarian law. He is also a Visiting Professor on international responsibility and litigation at the Catholic University of Lille and has been invited to give lectures and seminars on international law topics in France (University of Aix en Provence/Marseille), Italy (Borromeo College, University of Pavia) and Switzerland (University of Geneva). His research interests include international humanitarian law, international cultural heritage law, human rights law, and the theory of sovereignty.

Prior to joining the Geneva Academy, Francesco was a post-doctoral researcher at the Art-Law Centre of the University of Geneva, where he acted as Principal Investigator for the Swiss National Science Foundation project ‘The Temporal Dimension of Sovereignty in Light of the Restitution of Cultural Artefacts’. He also worked for the ICRC’s Customary International Humanitarian Law Project at the Lauterpacht Centre and was a Research Associate at Wolfson College (University of Cambridge). Francesco has conducted legal research in academic centres (Harvard Law School Program on International Law and Armed Conflict, Geneva Graduate Institute’s Global Governance Centre) and policy-oriented organizations (Interpeace, Justice Rapid Response).

Francesco holds a PhD in International Law from the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies of Geneva. During his doctoral studies, he was a Grotius Research Scholar at the University of Michigan Law School and a Visiting Researcher at Harvard Law School. His research on belligerent reprisals and their formalization under international law will be published in Belligerent Reprisals from Enforcement to Reciprocity: A New Theory of Retaliation in Conflict (CUP, forthcoming).

Research Projects

A session of the UN Human Rights Council Project

IHL Expert Pool

The IHL-EP works to strengthen the capacity of human rights mechanisms to incorporate IHL into their work in an efficacious and comprehensive manner. By so doing, it aims to address the normative and practical challenges that human rights bodies encounter when dealing with cases in which IHL applies.

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Cover page of the blog

The Geneva Academy’s Third-party Intervention in Ukraine and the Netherlands v. Russia

December 2023

Francesco Romani, Gloria Gaggioli

Blog of the European Journal of International Law

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Cover page of the article

International Law: Guardian Against, or Complicit in, the Damage and Destruction of Cultural Heritage in the Event of Armed Conflict?

December 2023

Francesco Romani, Chechi Alessandro

Monuments and Identities in the Caucasus, Brill

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Cover page of the third-party intervention

Third-Party Intervention: Ukraine and the Netherlands v. Russia

April 2023

Francesco Romani, Gloria Gaggioli

The Geneva Academy of International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights

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Cover page of the article

Guelph Treasure – Alan Philipp, Gerald G. Stiebel and Jed R. Leiber v. Germany and Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation

June 2021

Francesco Romani, Chechi Alessandro, Renold Marc-André

Platform ArThemis, Art-Law Centre, University of Geneva

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Blog post page

August 12th: Hopes and Wishes?

August 2020

Francesco Romani, British Red Cross – ICRC Customary IHL Research Team

ICRC Humanitarian Law and Policy Blog

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Cover page of the book

Targeted Killings and the Punishment of Enemy Leaders


Francesco Romani

Besson Samantha (ed.), International Responsibility – Essays in Law, History and Philosophy, Schulthess

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