Use of Force

Work started back in 2015 to create a space for debate and exchange of best practices, provide academic expertise to accompany ongoing discussions and negotiations related to the use of force in various UN and regional entities and identify protection gaps and challenges via regular brainstorming on specific issues, an annual meeting and targeted research and publications.

Participants in the Geneva Academy Consultation on less lethal weapons News

Towards Guidance on the Use of Less-Lethal Weapons in Law Enforcement

11 October 2018

On 8 and 9 October, academic experts, members of United Nations (UN) specialized bodies, UN Special Rapporteurs, members of UN treaty bodies, representatives of other international organizations, law enforcement officials, experts in police oversight, non-governmental organizations and civil society met to consult states and to discuss revisions made to a proposed text of guidance on less-lethal weapons and related equipment in law enforcement.

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Policeman with a TASER X26 News

Stakeholder Consultation: Geneva Guidelines on Less-Lethal Weapons and Related Equipment in Law Enforcement

31 July 2018

Stakeholders are invited to submit comments or suggestions to a draft set of guidelines on the lawful and responsible design, production, procurement, testing, training, transfer, and use of less-lethal weapons and related equipment.

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Experts at the annual seminar on use of force and less lethal weapons News

Experts and Law Enforcement Practitioners Discuss New Standards on the Use of Less Lethal Weapons

6 July 2018

Last week, at our annual seminar held in the context of the Geneva Human Rights Platform and its focus on the use of force, participants discussed human rights challenges related to the use of less-lethal weapons and the development of new international standards.

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Christof Heyns

Professor of Human Rights Law at the University of Pretoria

Kamelia Kemileva

Senior Consultant


Policing of Assemblies: Use of Force and Accountability

In the 2017 annual expert seminar, participants discussed the implications of ‘public order policing’ for the right to life and compared the practices of law enforcement units in different countries. They also analysed current technological and legal developments in the field, both in terms of their potential advantages and the threats they might engender.

Participants also explored the challenges and opportunities of new technologies, including ‘less-lethal’ weapons and unmanned systems, from the perspectives of both the right to life and the prohibition of torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment. They also focused on the problems related to torture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment in an ‘extra-custodial’ setting.

The seminar concluded with a call to form an academic working group to look more closely at specific issues, starting with the use of LLW.

Use of Force in Law Enforcement and the Right to Life

In the 2016 annual expert seminar, co-organized with the Institute for International and Comparative Law in Africa, participants addressed key issues related to the right to life such as regulation in armed conflict situations and in the context of law enforcement, the role of investigations, new weapon technologies, the mandatory death penalty and the responsibility of non-state actors.

The Geneva Academy In-Brief Use of Force in Law Enforcement and the Right to Life: The Role of the Human Rights Council draws on these discussions to examine how the right to life is affected by law enforcement agencies’ use of force and identify how the HRC could further promote respect for international standards governing policing. The publication also served as a background to the 2017 expert seminar.